Here you can learn more about studying and universitys.
What needs to be considered when studying in Germany and what are the requirements?
The basic prerequisite for studying is a general or subject-related university entrance qualification, and there is also a specific legal provision that can be recognized as equivalent by a competent state body. Half of the Bachelor’s degree programs are admission-free; only one of the above-mentioned degrees is required. A local NC (Numerus Clausus) is required for the other half of the courses. The local NC is calculated from supply and demand after each semester. The NC from the previous semester can provide guidance for the NC of the planned semester entry. In addition, if the demand is not met, applicants with an Abitur average below the actual NC will be admitted. Only in the areas of medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine and pharmacy there is a nationwide constant admission restriction.
How can you still study without a corresponding NC or without a high school diploma?
If your own Abitur average does not match the requested NC, you will be placed on a waiting list. The waiting time is the time from the time of graduation until the planned start of the course. The average decreases by 0.1 per semester. Another study in the waiting time is harmful to the waiting time, so the accumulated waiting time becomes invalid. Courses abroad now also damage waiting times.
A voluntary social or ecological year leads to a study guarantee, but the guarantee only applies to the two following semesters after the end of the voluntary year.
You can also study with a master’s degree or other professional qualifications. For this purpose, an admission test must be passed, which consists of a part of general and social questions and a mathematical part that queries the required knowledge of mathematics for the course.
What types of courses are there and what are the differences?
The classic course is a full-time course, in which you complete 45 hours a week in seminars and lectures. The student is financially dependent because there is usually no time for an additional part-time job.
Part-time studies offer an alternative. The seminars take place half a day, occasionally on weekdays or on weekends, so that the student can still do a job on the side.
There are also opportunities to study from home. Distance learning enables you to learn at your own desk in an organized way, or learn about 70% independently at home through a collaborative course of study and then attend precision events in which the exams also take place. It is also possible to study at the Bundeswehr. You can start your military studies after 15 months of service. The course lasts 3 years and the salary is paid on an ongoing basis.
In recent times, dual studies have become more and more popular, which is why different types of dual courses are being offered. The most common type is the integrated dual study program. The course also includes vocational training, which is shortened by two years, and an academic degree. Another option is the cooperative dual study program, which has a high proportion of practical experience but does not include a manual vocational qualification. In addition, dual courses of study are also available for working people, such as the integrated dual course of study, in which every-day work is geared towards further training. This is in contrast to the part-time dual study program, which runs alongside the job with occasional leave of absence from the employer. The dual course of study is very demanding, since during the period of a full-time course, which leads to an academic degree, an academic degree and additional vocational training are acquired.