Here you can learn more about studying and universitys.
- Requirements for studying
- Information about the NC
- Different types of degree programs
- Reports on degree programs
What needs to be considered when studying in Germany and what are the requirements?
The basic prerequisite for studying is a general or subject-related university entrance qualification, and there is also a specific legal provision that can be recognized as equivalent by a competent state body. Half of the Bachelor’s degree programs are admission-free; only one of the above-mentioned degrees is required. A local NC (Numerus Clausus) is required for the other half of the courses. The local NC is calculated from supply and demand after each semester. The NC from the previous semester can provide guidance for the NC of the planned semester entry. In addition, if the demand is not met, applicants with an Abitur average below the actual NC will be admitted. Only in the areas of medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine and pharmacy there is a nationwide constant admission restriction.
How can you still study without a corresponding NC or without a high school diploma?
If your own Abitur average does not match the requested NC, you will be placed on a waiting list. The waiting time is the time from the time of graduation until the planned start of the course. The average decreases by 0.1 per semester. Another study in the waiting time is harmful to the waiting time, so the accumulated waiting time becomes invalid. Courses abroad now also damage waiting times.
A voluntary social or ecological year leads to a study guarantee, but the guarantee only applies to the two following semesters after the end of the voluntary year.
You can also study with a master’s degree or other professional qualifications. For this purpose, an admission test must be passed, which consists of a part of general and social questions and a mathematical part that queries the required knowledge of mathematics for the course.
What types of courses are there and what are the differences?
The classic course is a full-time course, in which you complete 45 hours a week in seminars and lectures. The student is financially dependent because there is usually no time for an additional part-time job.
Part-time studies offer an alternative. The seminars take place half a day, occasionally on weekdays or on weekends, so that the student can still do a job on the side.
There are also opportunities to study from home. Distance learning enables you to learn at your own desk in an organized way, or learn about 70% independently at home through a collaborative course of study and then attend precision events in which the exams also take place. It is also possible to study at the Bundeswehr. You can start your military studies after 15 months of service. The course lasts 3 years and the salary is paid on an ongoing basis.
In recent times, dual studies have become more and more popular, which is why different types of dual courses are being offered. The most common type is the integrated dual study program. The course also includes vocational training, which is shortened by two years, and an academic degree. Another option is the cooperative dual study program, which has a high proportion of practical experience but does not include a manual vocational qualification. In addition, dual courses of study are also available for working people, such as the integrated dual course of study, in which every-day work is geared towards further training. This is in contrast to the part-time dual study program, which runs alongside the job with occasional leave of absence from the employer. The dual course of study is very demanding, since during the period of a full-time course, which leads to an academic degree, an academic degree and additional vocational training are acquired.
Reports on degree programs
Angelina, 24, graduate in economics
The bachelor’s degree, also known as ´Wiwi´ for short, after 8 semesters of standard study time is generally very informative, but you can use very little of it in your later career. Accordingly, this course is not really relevant to practice, but rather strongly theoretical and, above all, as the name suggests, more of a scientific nature.Read moreIn the first 5 semesters of basic studies you get to know the subjects of marketing, human resources, bookkeeping, costs and performance accounting (etc.). In the last three semesters you deepen 3 of the total of 18 specialization subjects, depending on where you want to set your professional focus later. What I liked about the course was that we studied both business administration and economics.
Jonas, 23, economics student
Business administration deals with economic behavior from the point of view of a single person / company, whereas economics looks at the entire economic system of a state. Both areas are based on the assumption of limited resources and the question of how best to deal with them. Actions are checked and forecasts are made for the future.Read moreMost of the course content is specified so that all students have the same basic knowledge. These so-called compulsory modules are, for example, business start-ups, marketing, human resources, financial markets, management, public finance. The course is supplemented by the basics of mathematics, statistics, public law and private law. These are necessary in order to fully understand and classify certain subject areas. A smaller area of the study can be freely selected depending on your interests. These so-called elective modules deepen the basic knowledge and can be a. Choose from the areas of taxation, controlling, development economics, international finance, marketing, public finance, human resources, auditing, statistics, environmental economics, corporate management, insurance management, business informatics, economic policy. At the end of your studies you can therefore be qualified for a wide variety of professional fields.
There is no mandatory internship, but it is recommended to get a better picture of professional life. There is also a very attractive offer for a year abroad in the 4 semester, which can be fully credited with business modules.
Studying at a university is more academic and theoretical. I was aware of this in advance. For a more practical course, I could have chosen a university of applied sciences. A pure economics degree often has the disadvantage that a lot of content is not really necessary in professional life, or that important specialist areas are missing. So far, I am very satisfied with the choice of my degree program.
Leon, 23, student of mechanical engineering (production engineering)
The content of the basic course consists of all the basics of the natural sciences. The main course consists of business administration, automation technology, manufacturing technology, production and logistics planning and factory planning. The course offers many different possible fields of activity with interesting and future-relevant challenges and tasks with very good job prospects.Read moreIn itself it is very informative and theoretical, which is of course the subject of a university, which is why it is far from practical in comparison with a dual course of study and training. I decided to study because of my general interest in technology, production management and corporate management, which the course covers very well. On a scale of 1-10, I give it an 8.
Sara, 22, student for Master of Education
The course offers an application-oriented, scientific professional qualification for work in a primary school. You will be prepared for the basic subjects math, German and general knowledge, as well as a fourth subject. The program is divided into the educational science area, the subject didactic area, the elective area and the complex school internship. This teaches you how to plan and conduct lessons in the subjects. In addition, a master’s thesis must be prepared.Read moreThe course is designed to be very practical and there are times for internships in which you can apply the material you have learned. There are events that are very informative and others that make you wonder what you will need them for later.
I like my course very much because of the high practical component and the associated advanced seminars. Sometimes I would have liked to have been given more content that I can apply in my future job. In addition, I occasionally missed examples, including how to introduce a new topic in the classroom.
Jana, 21, student for law enforcement
What I like about my studies is the variety between theory (legal subjects, criminology, psychology) and practice (various police training courses, sports). During your studies you are taught in so-called study groups, which in my opinion makes it easier for you to collaborate and study yourself.Read moreAfter completing your studies, you have many options and areas to choose from within the police force in which you can work. From patrol duty to riot police to criminal police, everything is included. This diversity also appeals to me in particular.
Marvin, 22, an online journalism graduate
I’m interested in journalism and especially online journalism, because I find the cross-media aspect of the work very exciting. During your studies you get to know, for example, texts and blogging, as well as different writing styles. The course also includes audio and video production. I liked the course very much because you work in a practice-oriented way and gain knowledge in many different areas of journalism. You can also bring in your own interests by freely choosing modules.
Lisann, 21, student for online communication
I decided on the course because I am very interested in the media profession. I found the content of the course very interesting and it covers many areas of the online world. The three main areas consist of public relations (PR), online marketing and corporate learning. The content is, for example, corporate communicationI decided on the course because I am very interested in the media profession. I found the content of the course very interesting and it covers many areas of the online world. The three main areas consist of public relations (PR), online marketing and corporate learning. Read moreThe content is, for example, corporate communication,Web analysis, visual communication, media law, media psychology and various learning agencies in which practical projects with personal customer contact are implemented. There is also a practical semester in which extensive practical experience can be gathered. I like the course very much because it is designed to be practical. You can learn a lot about working with customers, especially in learning agencies.
Simon, dual degree in mechanical engineering
Mechanical engineering could be the right course for anyone who has a great enthusiasm for math, physics and technology. The course provides insight into topics such as statics, aerodynamics, electrical engineering, drive technology and much more. The required mathematical knowledge is imparted in the first two semesters and applied again and again.
Many companies also offer mechanical engineering as a dual course of study, either integrated into practice or training.Read MoreIn the course of studies integrated into training, you acquire a qualification in the course of your studies. Theoretical times at the university alternate with practice-intensive weeks in the company. The training content is not comparable with the degree of difficulty of the courses at the university, but as a dual student you are practically challenged at the workbench or elsewhere and not only have to strain your brain. While I was only allowed to view turning and milling machines as a picture in a PowerPoint presentation at the university, I was able to work with these machines myself in the practical time.
In addition to an apprenticeship allowance during your studies, you also have a perspective for starting your career, but you also have to be aware that the usual semester break is no longer applicable and that you work in the company from Monday to Friday while others party and vacation.
Lorenz, student in industrial engineering
In the bachelor’s degree in industrial engineering, content from the subjects of business administration, economics, mathematics, physics, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering and computer science is taught. The focus and composition of the individual subjects, however, vary among universities.
The course combines business management expertise and technical know-how and thus bridges the gap between business and technology, which can be the basis for responsible leadership and management tasks. Industrial engineers plan, control and improve the technical production processes of a company. A wide-ranging basic course in the bachelor’s degree enables a variety of further training opportunities in the master’s degree, so that many different professional fields can arise, for example biomedical engineering, economics, industrial engineering, mechatronics and robotics.Read moreFor me personally, this course is particularly interesting because it offers a lot of variety and many different fields of interest are served at the same time.
In addition to the theoretical units, there are also many practical modules that not only add variety, but also help you apply your learning progress directly and get to know practical fields of application.
In addition, there is the possibility of choosing the subjects that are best for me personally from my electives and thus deepening my interests.
What difficulties are there?
Basically, you should of course be interested in the subject you are studying – this brings additional motivation and facilitates access to the subject. Many people shy away from some subjects such as mathematics. But if you can get enthusiastic about the content and overcome your deficits through offers of help (which are numerous from the universities, also in advance), you can master the exams and later have fun using what you have learned. Nevertheless, one cannot avoid the often very time-consuming exam preparation, and one often has to bite through difficult contexts.
In addition to technical problems, the environment can also lead to discomfort or demotivation. Here it is advisable to visit the study locations before starting your studies and to take part in possible preparatory events in order to be able to establish social contacts as early as possible.
In conclusion, it can be said that you should have a certain affinity and interest in economic and technical matters and not shy away from mathematical hurdles. In my experience, however, school grades should not prevent you from choosing a course.
Victoria, 20, law student
In law school you need one thing above all: perseverance. Coupled with discipline, general knowledge and a tolerance for frustration, you will become a successful lawyer. But don’t worry, the course has a lot to offer:
In addition to the areas of law, civil law, criminal law and public law, the degree gives you the opportunity to think outside the box by taking courses in economics or social sciences, history or foreign languages. The knowledge is mainly imparted in lectures that are accompanied by working groups in which case processing is deepened. Because that’s what ultimately matters. The exams with us are (unfortunately) no computer tests, no multiple choice, no fill-in-the-blank, no essays and nothing else that you know from school. We write reports, up and down. But practice makes perfect, as is well known.
If you have had enough of theory during your studies, internships and moot courts (simulated court hearings in a competitive format) provide the necessary balance and enable you to put the knowledge you have learned to the test.Read moreThe German law course focuses on the German legal system, while the courses in other countries are based on their systems. Nonetheless, European or international law, for example, offer the opportunity to take an international approach during your studies, for example as part of an Erasmus semester. In practice the whole thing looks different, because the large law firms and companies often operate internationally, so that an internship or a traineeship abroad gives you the opportunity to work across borders.
The state examination is the conclusion of the course. Here, too, law differs from Bachelor / Master courses. In the ten semesters (standard period of study; usually longer) we write a lot of exams and homework, but in the end only the exam counts, which consists of six written and one oral exam. Therefore, after the four-semester basic and three-semester main studies, you usually take another one and a half to two years to prepare for your own exams. A second component of the first state examination is the focus, in which you can specialize in a subject of your choice over two semesters.
After the first state examination there is a two-year legal traineeship, which is followed by a second state examination. Then you can call yourself a fully qualified lawyer and professions such as judges, lawyers or public prosecutors are waiting for you. But that’s not all, with Jura there are many doors open to you. Administration, politics and business enterprises, banks, NGOs and insurance companies are urgently looking for good lawyers!
“Studying law is a school for life,” a lecturer once told us. The more I deal with the subject, the more I agree with him in this statement.